Over the last two decades the HIV- AIDS virus has spread across the globe. This virus makes the immune system weak rendering the person infected with this virus too weak to fight off infections. The HIV virus affects the immune system and as the infection progresses it leads to AIDS ( Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). There is a serious amount of ongoing research to find a cure for AIDS. However, with science making as much progress modern combination treatments and anti retroviral treatments help people with HIV lead their lives.
Some of the opportunistic infections that crop up because of HIV or AIDS are skin infections. Read on to know on ways to alleviate the pain and strife that occur with these infections:
HIV Itch – The HIV itch or AIDS rash look like red or brown bumps, and makes the skin appear scaly. The rash appears on the face, hands and feet and sometimes also resembles hives or folliculitis. The rash is generally itchy and in some acute cases might lead to skin peeling, sores and blisters. An HIV rash typically lasts for a period of 1to 2 weeks, sometimes more. A mild HIV rash is normally treated with anti histamines and topical medication. Some of the things to avoid if you are suffering from the HIV rash are:
Seborrheic Dermatitis- This skin condition is characterized by greasy, flaky and red rash that can appear on the face, neck, chest, scalp and groin. This condition is uncomfortable as it cause itchiness and is normally caused due to a fungal infection called malassezia. Seborrheic Dermatitis of the skin is treated with steroid lotions that has to be prescribed by you medical practitioner. Seborrheic Dermatitis of the scalp can be handled with a shampoo containing salicylic acid, coal tar, selenium sulfide or zinc pyrithione. However you doctor might prescribe a steroid prescription that might have to be used along with the salicylic acid shampoo for relief.
Kaposi’s Sarcoma– Kaposi’s Sarcoma is a type of cancer that leads to the growth of abnormal cancer cells under the skin tissue and the mucous membranes. The patches that appear on the skin because of this disease are raised and red or purple in color and consist of blood and cancer cells. This disease is seen to spread fast in patients diagnosed with AIDS. Some treatments for patients diagnosed with Kaposi’s Sarcoma include radiation therapy, electron beam therapy, chemotherapy and even cryotherapy. At times retinoids have also been seen to be effective in inhibiting the Kaposi’s Sarcome cell growth. The treatment for this condition depends on the location of the lesions. Often ongoing treatment for the AIDS virus itself can help in shrinking these lesions.
HIV-AIDS is not a stigma to society. Don’t treat it like one. Its a condition that needs medication, counseling, social awareness, understanding and love.